Recently, the United Nations (UN) General Assembly unanimously accepted a resolution sponsored by Nigeria that advocates for the creation of an international tax cooperation mechanism.
Continue reading to find out more about:
- OECD (Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development), which aims at stimulating economic progress and world trade by providing a platform to compare policy experiences & coordinate domestic and international policies of its members.
- OECD's Pillar Two model rules & significance
Exp: The only live volcano in the Andaman and Nicobar Islands is erupting once again. The Barren Island volcano, located 140-km north-east of Port Blair, dormant for more than 150 years, started erupting in 1991 and has since then shown intermittent activity.
The sediments and water in the vicinity of the volcano and recovered coal-like black pyroclastic material represent proximal volcanic ejecta.
The Andaman Basin is an active back-arc spreading basin and is known for its strong seismicity and many submarine volcanoes and hydrothermal activity.
How the goats got there remains a mystery, but the story goes that in 1891, a passing steamer from Port Blair offloaded some of these on the island. Apparently, the British would often leave livestock on islands in case they were stranded there in the future.
Sandeep Unnikrishnan was an officer in the elite 51 Special Action Group of the National Security Guards in the Indian Army, who was martyred in action during the 26/11, 2008 Mumbai attacks.
More about his life:
- He joined the National Defence Academy (NDA), Pune, in 1995 and was a part of the Oscar Squadron and a graduate of the 94th Course NDA.
- After graduating from the IMA, Dehradun, he was commissioned as Lieutenant in the 7th Battalion of the Bihar Regiment in 1999.
- In 2007, he was assigned as the training officer of the 51 Special Action Group (51 SAG) of NSG.
- He led the commando operation launched on 27th November 2008 to flush out terrorists from Hotel Taj Mahal, Mumbai in which he rescued 14 hostages.
- During the operation, his team came under intense hostile fire, in which one of his team members got grievously injured.
- Major Sandeep pinned down the terrorists with accurate fire and rescued the injured commando to safety.
- In the process, he was shot in his right arm. Despite his injuries, he continued to fight the terrorists till his last breath.
Explanation: 17 States of India have common land borders with neighbouring countries – Jammu & Kashmir, Punjab, Rajasthan, Gujarat, Himachal Pradesh, Uttarakhand, Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, West Bengal, Sikkim, Assam, Arunachal Pradesh, Nagaland, Manipur, Mizoram, Tripura and Meghalaya.
Myanmar has a common border with the Indian States of Arunachal Pradesh, Nagaland, Mizoram and Manipur.
Constitution Day also known as 'Samvidhan Divas', is celebrated in our country on 26th November every year to commemorate the adoption of the Constitution of India.
On 26th November 1949, the Constituent Assembly of India adopted the Constitution of India, which came into effect from 26th January 1950.
About the Constitution of India
- The framing of the Constitution took over 2 years, 11 months and 17 days.
- There were 299 members in the Constituent Assembly and 15 were women and when the constitution was adopted in 1949, 284 members finally signed it.
- During this period, it held 11 sessions covering 165 days, and its members submitted around 7,600 amendments to the draft Constitution.
- Dr. Rajendra Prasad was the chairman of the Constituent Assembly.
- Dr BR Ambedkar was the chairman of the Drafting Committee of India's Constitution. He is known as the "Father of the constitution".
- Originally, the Indian Constitution had a total of 395 articles (divided into 22 parts) and 8 schedules.